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The Board of Supervisors in Yavapai County officially recognized the new town on May 4, 1868, and the first post office was established the following month with Swilling as the postmaster. [173] As of January 2016, 10.5% of the workforce were government employees, a high number because the city is both the county seat and state capital. [93], Like most of Arizona, Phoenix does not observe daylight saving time. [204] Another major force in architectural landscape of the city was Ralph Haver whose firm, Haver & Nunn, designed commercial, industrial and residential structures throughout the valley. The single largest occupation is retail salespersons, which account for 3.7% of the workforce. An election was held in 1875, and three village trustees and other officials were elected. Desert crust is a living layer of the soil that helps reduce dust pollution, but it is disappearing rapidly. Future rail segments of more than 30 miles (48 km) are planned to open by 2030. [84] The Salt River runs westward through Phoenix, but the riverbed is often dry or contains little water due to large irrigation diversions. Das erweiterte Stadtgebiet hat vier Millionen Einwohner. Founded in 1898 in Chicago, they moved to Phoenix from St. Louis, Missouri in 1988 and play in the Western Division of the National Football League's National Football Conference. [259] The system's 182 parks contain over 41,900 acres (16,956 ha), making it the largest municipal park system in the country. Those statistics used data from 2006, which showed Phoenix's population at 1,512,986, which put it just ahead of Philadelphia. [328], Phoenix auto traffic depends on both freeways and surface streets. Smaller airports that primarily handle private and corporate jets include Phoenix Deer Valley Airport, in the Deer Valley district of north Phoenix, and Scottsdale Airport, just east of the Phoenix/Scottsdale border. Phoenix's recent growth rate of 9.4% from the 2010 census is the first time it has recorded a growth rate under 24% in a census decade. After seeing a peak in the early and mid-1990s, the city has seen a general decrease in crime rates. Every time you visit The Living Desert you help save species. Learning of this large untapped labor pool enticed many large industries to move their operations to the area. [319] In addition to American, other domestic carriers include Alaska Airlines, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, and United. [36][37] Lord Darrell Duppa was one of the original settlers in Swilling's party, and he suggested the name "Phoenix", as it described a city born from the ruins of a former civilization.[19]. When Phoenix was awarded an NBA franchise in 1968, which would be called the Phoenix Suns,[65][66] they played their home games at the Coliseum until 1992, after which they moved to America West Arena. Living in Phoenix. [126] Most recently, on February 21–22, 2019, the far northern and northeastern sections of the metro area were blanketed with several inches of snow while Sky Harbor received record rainfall. The humorist Will Rogers, who was on hand as a guest speaker joked, "If that was my lake, I'd mow it. [34] The fort established a camp on the south side of the Salt River by 1866, which was the first settlement in the valley after the decline of the Hohokam. They banded with the Maricopa for protection against incursions by the Yuma and Apache tribes. Courthouse. One of the biggest attractions of the Phoenix area is golf, with over 200 golf courses. Phoenix is one of two other locations with Mayo Clinic campuses (the other being Jacksonville, Florida). [251][252] Wild Horse Pass Motorsports Park (formerly Firebird International Raceway) hosts NHRA events in the Phoenix metropolitan area. [114], July is the wettest month (1.05 in (27 mm)), while June is the driest (0.02 in (0.51 mm)). Freeways fall under the auspices of the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT). [170], Phoenix is home to four Fortune 500 companies: electronics corporation Avnet,[174] mining company Freeport-McMoRan,[175] retailer PetSmart,[176] and waste hauler Republic Services. [270] Another major state government facility is the Arizona State Hospital, operated by the Arizona Department of Health Services. If it weren't for that, I'm not sure it'd pay to see again. [105] Ozone forms in sunlight, so Phoenix is particularly susceptible to ozone formation. [95] Each village has a planning committee appointed directly by the city council. Hier finden Sie die wichtigsten Hotelinformationen. The civilian labor force was 2,200,900, and the unemployment rate stood at 4.6%. They have a wonderful Spring and Fall Plant sale, where you can purchase shrubs, trees and cactus that survive well in AZ. Neil Fox paid $1,000 for the rights to open an establishment based on the McDonald brothers' restaurant. [356], State capital city of Arizona, United States, "Phoenix City" redirects here. Why should I care? [180], The military has a large presence in Phoenix, with Luke Air Force Base in the western suburbs. ", "Parade celebrates Arizona Rattlers' third straight AFL championship", "Sun, scenery, history mark Spring Training baseball in Arizona, Florida", "Mexico Series returning to Phoenix in 2014", "LPGA Vision for Founders Cup Now Long-Term Reality", "BMO Harris Bank Announces Multi-Year Sponsorship of The Phoenix Marathon", "Rock 'n' Roll Marathon takes to Phoenix streets", "Arizona United SC reveals new name and logo, plus stadium plans for 2017 season", "City of Phoenix History: Establishing a Council-Manager Government", "Arizona State Hospital Stats & Services", "United States Federal Building and Courthouse", "Federal Building-U.S. Post Office, Phoenix, AZ", "Journalism students revisit the death of Don Bolles", "2014 Crime in the United States: Arizona", "Phoenix Number Two Kidnapping Capital as Drug Cartel Wars Intensify", "The Journal of Arizona History on JSTOR", "Welcome to the Phoenix Union High School District", "List of Charter Schools in Maricopa County", "Campuses | College of Medicine – Tucson", "Welcome – Phoenix Biomedical Campus – Northern Arizona University", "Grand Canyon Univ. This officially turned Phoenix into a city of many nodes, which would later be connected by freeways. [342] Cancer and heart disease were the two top causes of death in the country. [76], There was an influx of refugees due to low-cost housing in the Sunnyslope area in the 1990s, resulting in 43 different languages being spoken in local schools by the year 2000. ", "Phoenix-area residents report snow falling across Valley", "Snow lands, really sticks in far Phoenix area during record rainy day", "Station Name: AZ Phoenix Sky Harbor INTL AP", "WMO Climate Normals for PHOENIX/SKY HARBOR INTL, AZ 1961–1990", "Monthly Averages for Phoenix, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation", "Phoenix, Arizona, USA – Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "The Wildlife of the Phoenix Mountain Preserves", "Living With Wildlife – Arizona Wildlife", "Status of the Rosy-faced Lovebird in Phoenix, Arizona", "Peach-faced Lovebird Range Expansion Data in Greater Phoenix, Arizona Area", "Sonoran Desert Region Flora – Maricopa County", "INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2016 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". 38 were here. On March 16, 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested and charged with rape. [19], On February 25, 1901, Governor Oakes Murphy dedicated the permanent Capitol building,[19] and the Carnegie Free Library opened seven years later, on February 18, 1908, dedicated by Benjamin Fowler. Upon their move to Phoenix, the Cardinals played their home games at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University in nearby Tempe. There was low population density and a lack of widespread and significant high-rise development. Great place to go in temperate weather for a walk and to enjoy nature. The paper would go through several additional name changes in its early years before finally settling on the Phoenix Herald, which still exists today in an online form. Many non-native plants also thrive in Phoenix including, but not limited to, the date palm, Mexican fan palm, pineapple palm, Afghan pine, Canary Island pine, Mexican fencepost cactus, cardon cactus, acacia, eucalyptus, aloe, bougainvillea, oleander, lantana, bottlebrush, olive, citrus, and red bird of paradise. Because many desert plants are not adapted to fire, wildfires pose a considerable threat to the future of the desert ecosystem. [61] In 1960 the Phoenix Corporate Center opened; at the time it was the tallest building in Arizona, topping off at 341 feet. [317] Centrally located in the metro area near several major freeway interchanges east of downtown Phoenix, the airport serves more than 100 cities with non-stop flights. The population is almost equally split between men and women, with men making up 50.2% of city's citizens. In 1973, Governor Jack Williams argued to the U.S. Congress that energy use would increase in the evening should Arizona observe DST. Maricopa County had not been incorporated; the land was within Yavapai County, which included the major town of Prescott to the north of Wickenburg. The Phoenix area became part of the New Mexico Territory. [112] When active, the monsoon raises humidity levels and can cause heavy localized precipitation, flash floods, hail, destructive winds, and dust storms[113]—which can rise to the level of a haboob in some years. due to the recession. During the day, the 100-foot (30 m)-tall sculpture hovers high above heads, treetops, and buildings, the sculpture creates what the artist calls "shadow drawings", which she says are inspired by Phoenix's cloud shadows. KTVW-DT 33 (Univision), KFPH-DT (UniMás), KTAZ 39 (Telemundo), KDPH 48 (Daystar), and KPPX-TV 51 (ION). [9], Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. While the United States had 13.3% of its population over the age of 65, Phoenix's percentage stood significantly lower, at 8.1%. Check out the latest listings in Phoenix below. These remained the driving forces of the city until after World War II, when high-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix's hot summers more bearable. Only deaths due to Alzheimer's (29.7 to 27.2 deaths per 100,000) and pre-natal conditions (5.3 to 3.8 deaths per 100,000) were slightly above the national average. KTVK 3 (3TV) and KAZT 7 (AZ-TV) are independent television stations operating in the metro area. This made it the second-fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States, surpassed only by Las Vegas. Bolles was the only reporter from a major U.S. newspaper to be murdered on U.S. soil due to his coverage of a story. The remaining 4% belong to other religions, such as Buddhism and Judaism. Phoenix also serves as a central point to many of the sights around the state of Arizona, such as the Grand Canyon, Lake Havasu (where the London Bridge is located), Meteor Crater, the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, Tombstone, Kartchner Caverns, Sedona and Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff. [111][116] On average, dew points range from 29 °F (−2 °C) in April to 57 °F (14 °C) in August. The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) Phoenix, which is within the city limits, near its northern boundary. They have won the WNBA championship three times: first in 2007 when they defeated the Detroit Shock,[231] again in 2009 when they defeated the Indiana Fever,[232] and in 2014 when they swept the Chicago Sky. Since opening in 1962, the zoo has developed an international reputation for its efforts on animal conservation, including breeding and reintroducing endangered species back into the wild. The once "modest urban sprawl" now "grew by 'epic' proportions— not only a myriad of residential tract developments on both farmland and desert." The airport has recently received substantial commercial service with Allegiant Air opening a hub operation at the airport with non-stop service to over a dozen destinations.[321][322]. [82], Phoenix is in the southwestern United States, in the south-central portion of Arizona; about halfway between Tucson to the southeast and Flagstaff to the north. It largely took place on the city's north side, a region that was nearly all Caucasian. There were approximately 77,000 people added to the population of the Phoenix metropolitan area in 2009, which was down significantly from its peak in 2006 of 162,000. This results in 73% of Phoenix's population being 44 or younger, as compared to the national percentage of 60. KSAZ-TV, KUTP, KPAZ-TV, KTVW-DT, KFPH-DT, KTAZ, KDPH-LP, and KPPX-TV are network owned-and-operated stations. Native amphibian species include the Couch's spadefoot toad, Chiricahua leopard frog, and the Sonoran desert toad.[137]. [283], Street gangs and the drug trade had turned into public safety issues by the 1980s, and the crime rate in Phoenix continued to grow. [191][192][193] Interactive exhibits can be found in nearby Peoria's Challenger Space Center, where individuals learn about space, renewable energies, and meet astronauts. Music can also be seen in some of the venues usually reserved for sports, such as the Wells Fargo Arena and State Farm Stadium.[187]. The Desert Botanical Garden, which opened in 1939, is one of the few public gardens in the country dedicated to desert plants, and displays desert plant life from all over the world. 12. "[354] Phoenix has ten sister cities, as designated by the Phoenix Sister Cities Commission and Sister Cities International, shown in the table below. 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