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Thousands lined Wellington's streets to admire the coloured lights displayed about town. The Early Settlers and Historical Association of Wellington (since renamed The Wellington Historical and Early Settlers’ Association) is one of New Zealand’s oldest historic societies. It was not until the early 19 th century that Wellington received much attention from the wider world. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. On 20 June 1887, Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a spectacular light show throughout the city. Most schools were Sunday schools run by churches. Historic image of Te Aro Flats - now Wellington waterfront. Early New Zealand published works relating to Wellington, digitised and made available online. For more information see our terms and conditions. The government did not want to be seen to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited. Originally known as Limiet Vallei (border or frontier valley), the area became known as Val du Charron or Wagenmakersvallei (Valley of the Wagon Maker) towards the end of the 17th … The Wellington City Corporation was formed in 1870 following the dis-establishment of the township's Board of Works. This spurred the municipality into action but it was only when the Karori Reservoir was opened in 1879 that residents began to have access to clean, safe drinking water. The Hunter Building; New Zealand School of Music; Early years. His only encounter with Māori ended badly, with four of his crew killed and Māori fired upon in retaliation. Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852) Anglo-Irish military commander and British politician. 252, displaying the message ‘end of the line’ and driven by Wellington... Battle of Manners Street. An inspection in 1871 by Government scientist James Hector found many inner-city wells were contaminated with human and animal faeces. Wellington History Group Special Paper 5 Methodist Chapel (built 1797) at the northern end of Chapel Lane in 1836 (see map above). Explore the Māori myth behind Poneke and its landmarks, — like the Beehive, Te Papa, harbour and cable car, as well as historical events. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. The first issue numbered four pages and cost one penny. Set in the heart of cosmopolitan Ponsonby, the soul of Auckland city, this iconic building is a part of New Zealand's early settler history. ... Wellington Hospital / Wellington School of Medicine. History of Wellington Wellington, steeped in history and tradition, has a magical atmosphere that will captivate you once you discover the town, its people and its myriad of attractions. Nathan and Company. By local history librarian Gabor Toth. An early picture of Lambton Quay showing the South Sea Hotel, 1870s. Water supply was a priority for city councillors. Wellington was the first site of local government in New Zealand, and the city's archives date back to 1842 when the Wellington Borough Council was established. It has been suggested that the valley was formed during the ice age 10,000–20,000 years ago by glacial scouring, but considering that the Hutt Valley and the greater Wellington area have experienced major tectonic uplifting it is possible that the valley was formed through major earthquakes and erosion. David Thorns and Ben Schrader, 'City history and people - The first towns', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/zoomify/23490/early-wellington (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by David Thorns and Ben Schrader, published 11 Mar 2010. Smith also highlights Kumutoto pā, perhaps to emphasise how Māori lived among the Europeans. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. 1890 - 1918. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. Colonel William Wakefield, a New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the Wellington settlement to be where Petone is now situated. Wellington's history over the dawn of a new century. When to put out your rubbish and recycling, Sorting and preparing your rubbish and recycling, Southern Landfill, Tip Shop and Recycle Centre, Sewerage and Wastewater - History of the Sewerage Network. Colonisation of Wellingtonbegan by the Europeans in 1840, when settlers arrived in the ship 'Aurora'. The celebrations were seen as a good way to boost morale in tough economic times. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. It remained a Blundell family business until 1972. Following Blundell's retirement in 1874, The Post was run by his three sons. He later served as British Prime Minister. Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Discover information about Wellington local and New Zealand history, including tips and hints to help you with your research. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Wellington appears, as Weolintone, in the 1086 Domesday Book, … As recently as 1994, council records were stored at more than 10 places around Wellington, loosely classified using a system devised in 1926. In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). The first Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. The tough times were not helped by continued immigration and rapid population growth; from 1881 to 1885, 1000 new arrivals a year had to be accommodated in the crowded city. History. Wellington's history during a new world war and beyond. Page 5 – Refreshments © Crown Copyright. Archaeology has not revealed any significant prehistoric or Roman activity in or around the town. Library local history databases and indexes, … Wellington, our capital city and home of Zealandia wildlife sanctuary is culturally rich. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. The Wellington Harbour Board was established in 1879 to develop the city's harbour facilities and manage its burgeoning port business - a role it took over from the Council. Wellington’s past. photograph courtesy … Until the early 19th century, many people did not attend day school and were illiter-ate or only semi-literate. At the beginning of the 20th century, single mothers in New Zealand, even those who were widowed or divorced, received little help. 1972 - 2000. David Nathan was an important Auckland businessman and benefactor, who is perhaps best known for establishing the firm L.D. The alternatives – a hasty marriage, illegal abortion, or infanticide – carried hu… Wellington's history post World War I. Permission of either the Wellington City Archives or Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, must be obtained before any re-use of images. New Zealand’s new national museum, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, was officially... New Zealand's last electric tram trip. This photo is also from Ahlbrandt’s History of Wellington. Early life. He left Sydney for the Bay of Islands on the Achilles on 21 February 1840. Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. Surfing Eastbourne's Rec in the early 90's Eastbourne Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional classic. Wellington was platted in 1871 and named for the Duke of Wellington. The Council did, however, remain heavily involved in reclamation of the Te Aro foreshore throughout the 1880s, and with other wharf projects. A panel of Australian-based commissioners later designated Wellington the seat of government due to its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and central location. Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642. Early Wellington wharves. The light show capped off months of celebratory events, which included promenade concerts, poetry competitions and military parades. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. PUBL-0011-16-1 Hand-coloured lithograph after a drawing by William Mein Smith. The head office of the Wellington Harbour Board, a vital centre of power for early Wellington, was located in opulent offices upstairs. William Mein Smith, the New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the image with a view to attracting further settlers. The Rhodes, Hickson, Hunter and Fitzherbert wharves can be seen on the left of the image. Early Origins of the Wellington family The surname Wellington was first found in Shropshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The first New Zealand Company settlers actually didn’t care much for Wellington itself when they first set foot in New Zealand, and settled in Petone instead. Wellington is at Alert Level 1. Wellington waterworks, Karori Gully, 1901. Home > History of Wellington. Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped 20,000. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Our food history column explores the background to Britain's most beloved dishes. Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. 1854 - Wellington County became an individual entity consisting of the Townships and Towns of Amaranth, Arthur, Eramosa, Erin, Guelph, Guelph (Town), Garafraxa, Maryborough, Nichol, Peel, Pilkington, and Puslinch. Wellington was the commander of British forces that defeated Napoleon, at the Battle of Waterloo – effectively ending Napoleon’s dominance of Europe. Tram no. The Borough Council was short lived and the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a regional focus. Water shortages and drought plagued Wellington in the late 1870s and early 1880s. Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: The first post office in Wellington was established in July 1871. ... Glenbervie Tce holds a special place in Wellington architectural history. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. 1939 - 1972. In 1884, the city's water supply was bolstered by supplies piped in from the Wainuiomata River in the Hutt Valley. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. Key buildings and facilities are identified to show the town’s progress, including William Wakefield’s house, Barrett’s Hotel, the medical hall, emigration barracks and wharf. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. His time here was brief. accommodation » bed and breakfast European Explorers of New Zealand In 2002, The Evening Post was amalgamated with Wellington's other longstanding daily newspaper The Dominion to create The Dominion Post. Queen Victoria's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887. Those without family support had few options. The Wellington train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959. They were believed to be part of Te Aro pā (fortified village), built by the Ngāti Mutunga people in the 1820s and later occupied by other iwi.It was the first such find in Wellington and has been preserved within the Taranaki Street complex. It hit the dusty streets of the newly-appointed capital city on 8 February 1865. The University was founded in 1897 and teaching began in April 1899 with 115 students enrolled in the first year. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. In addition to financial hardship, unmarried mothers faced moral condemnation and social rejection. This week: Leah Hyslop on the military myths behind Beef Wellington. It's a peaceful retreat from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and city. History of Wellington. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers… The history of the area and it's importance in Māori culture is shown by the names given to the area and its surrounds. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Cattle herders coming up the Chisholm Trail helped to build the early town's economy. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. However when the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area, the site was shifted to its current location. * * * I first came across Marjorie McCrea’s name in the early 1970s when I discovered the contents of a four-drawer cabinet in Wellington library (the old one, in Walker Street). 1918 - 1939. Home Images and media photos Early Wellington wharves. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. For most second-class travellers, travelling the main trunk meant a long, sleepless journey on hard-backed seats, struggling to find 'elusive comfort with the NZR pillow'. The Wedge, designed and built by James Bennie in 1906, is a fine, early example of medium-density housing. The Wellington Historical Society presented a virtual panel discussion Wednesday, Nov. 18 about the history of Wellington, from the first sales of lots in the community through two incorporation initiatives, the original comprehensive land use plan, initial efforts to make Wellington the “Winter Equestrian Capital of the World,” to celebrity sightings, including the … A history of the North Island railway main trunk line since the first through train left Wellington on 7 August 1908. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Wellington Harbour Board head office, Jervois Quay, 1890s. For the first few years, lectures took place in rented accommodation in the city while a debate raged over where the new University’s home should be built. The Association was formally incorporated in June 1912 but its genesis dates back to 1890 when jubilee celebrations were held in Wellington to mark the 50th anniversary of the European … The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Hort was a promoter of early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish and non-Jewish. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. The seat of government in New Zealand was moved from Auckland to Wellington in 1865, largely on the ba… ... An early view inside ward 5 is seen here – it was originally used as a male surgical ward. Potted histories: Beef Wellington. In the 1960’s new methods of cargo handling were introduced, with containerisation and roll-on/roll-off ferries changing the face of the shipping sector and Wellington’s wharf. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. 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