�Y��p!���'l�-�������^f>�1����k����|�cm�5瓳���2�Ww����޾��Y��i�U'wz�����ԋ����?���f�y=�k��h��Z-�%�LtF5S����A�z�7�-s��a�QN��|��nfB���{r"cHHEeH< �Q�,wG�:+�,������b��U��c(9r4�D8x�-s����]��?6b�� I�I[���v�4:��,5B�q�-�i��Y��6_~`�u#V�I]�ڪ��4���#������Z��"���8��ތ�gيo�͇���)��D&_?�dD���S�F��D'����T­�^��t=�s%^p�9�t�%U6,Z�t�]b�� P3g. Vitamin C rich foods also play a key role i… B vitamins are a group of eight related nutrients. stream h�b```"kV�,``��0pt006�y�����AxʪU �L�)��9N(I Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. �A���ұ}v�j�9qU�,�N�w�#_y;�4��NĘ���?7��Y�w�INbF�Hp:"���(́7ri�,�k�!N�F}��z�°y���' The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. The vitamin deficiency symptoms chart provides a condensed reference guide to the functions of vitamins and minerals, deficiency symptoms, and dietary sources. Source and function. Studies also suggest a link between lack of vitamin D in early life with later onset of type 1 diabetes. Water-soluble vitamins. Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Chart. <>>> Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Chart. measles morbidity) Hypervitaminosis A (birth defects, liver toxicity, angular cheilitis, hair loss, ICH) B: 1: Based on their role in biological processes and their effect different vitamins have different functions, their function can be best understood by knowing about their deficiency diseases. �Uu��h��e��La0��x��`b�R�Ƶr9��mq�R������1�_�'�N�ݒ�z����QD�����K9o��ަ�B��R�]vi�(�Hd�b��ݲ��$�$�XWR�VgK�V������U����=�3Ij��gڝ�M!�S��J�F 1|d��hu[��s'��Ё/�� ��|�ٰ��s�k�J���GOu����y����H-� �W�u��,�M��4N��b8�n3�|�(�?�uֆ,Ю� ��_ އ�"�A��k�S~Pä�P�3#Ϲ��V�M��|� 2�aqH�쀎xg • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg This article takes a close look at all of the B vitamins, including their functions, sources, and deficiency symptoms. Primary and Secondary Metabolites, Vitamins, Deficiency Diseases, Micronutrients – Vitamins and Minerals, Food Sources of Vitamins and Minerals. What is it? endobj Class 12: Chemistry: Biomolecules: Vitamins their Sources and Deficiency Diseases VITAL VITAMIN CHART Nutrient Food Sources Functions Deficiency Signs Signs of Excess Notes Vitamin A (Retinol) RDA: M: 900 μg F: 700 μg Cod liver oil and other fish liver oils, liver, egg yolk, full cream dairy, yellow and dark green vegetables. $�A� �kI "D��D�m�H07���@�e�Ub� �H �1H���> ���L�+�,Fj�/| 0 ��? Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. It is important that adults do not exceed the recommended upper level of intake of 1000 mcg/day of folic acid because if there is a concurrent untreated vitamin B12 deficiency, irreparable damage to the nervous system can occur.2, 3 If folate deficiency is suspected in a person aged over The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. o��;p�I������rV˹of�i�Z`���%'! 4 0 obj Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. 46 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B88523E5E9B744F8368597A67788B7D><3E5629E64C3E2344A39CF6400896480A>]/Index[25 40]/Info 24 0 R/Length 98/Prev 87875/Root 26 0 R/Size 65/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. 7.2.3 Miscellaneous functions 131 7.3 Consequences of vitamin C deficiency 131 7.4 Populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency 132 7.5 Dietary sources of vitamin C and limitations to vitamin C supply 134 7.6 Evidence used to derive recommended intakes of vitamin C 135 7.6.1 Adults 135 7.6.2 Pregnant and lactating women 137 7.6.3 Children 137 endstream endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 28 0 obj <>stream %���� – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute amounts – Cause a specific deficiency syndrome when absent or underutilized – Is NOT synthesized by the host in amounts adequate to meet normal physiological needs: human can make vitamins D 3 and B 3 • Vitamers are different forms of a particular vitamin, e.g. h�bbd``b`z However, when one analyses plant, fungal and microbial cells, one would see thousands of compounds other than these called primary metabolites, e.g. beta carotene) Night-blindness, poor immunity (e.g. Oranges and lemons are some fruits rich in vitamin C. Learn more about the food sources, functions, deficiencies and toxicity associated with this water-soluble vitamin. Types of Vitamins. Humans cannot live without vitamins and the human body cannot produce it on its own (except vitamin D and Vitamin B3). ?��hyS->�F����y��3�(�i�}H�VL�c�����C�o��u�/^��%I�� �lI��~�����M�h�$Y�+����/I�G��h��ٯ����� ��ayC��9W��_��8}����m+l^����3�� ��?��^ÿ�{�� �lqz�+opi�|]o�-̧ k�U)ƞjXa�_ .��9���/�-ȯa6���!��}�����ϩ�[�}x�]~{��ϒ���$��� �?���|��ODIR�Uz���LX�|���!��� Essential nutrient for eye health. A. Retinol, retinal, and 4 carotenoids (e.g. A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. <> Vitamins : Classification, Functions and Deficiency Symptoms The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk i n 1912. Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Studies also suggest a link between lack of vitamin D in early life with later onset of type 1 diabetes. Vitamins and their functions Pdf Vitamin A. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) So it should be taken in required quantities through other sources such as the food we take, vitamin capsules etc. Unless specified, values represent those for adults ages 19 and older. Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. <> A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 1008] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Compiled from NCERT Science Textbooks Class 6-12. This article discusses vitamin A, including its benefits, food sources, as well as effects of deficiency and toxicity. Vitamin A deficiency is a major problem when diets consist of starchy staples, which are not good sources of retinol or β-carotene, and when the consumption of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. Vitamins can be found in major foods like meat, leafy vegetables, fruits etc. 3 0 obj Functions of Vitamins. endstream endobj startxref Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Vitamins: Chemical name of vitamins, their sources, approximate year of discovery and Deficiency disease Vitamin Deficiency & Overdose Chart: Vitamin Chemical Names Deficiency disease Overdose disease . Vegetarians can meet their vitamin A requirements with sufficient intakes of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, with fortified foods, or both. %PDF-1.6 %���� Fat-soluble vitamins -- A, D, E and K -- dissolve in fat and can be stored in the body. Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams (mg), micrograms (mcg), or international units (IU), depending on the nutrient. Vitamins are listed first in alphabetical order, and then minerals. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble nutrient that plays a vital role in your body. Folate is a term which includes naturally occurring food folate and synthetic folic acid, which is used in … There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . ... Major Food Sources Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Essential for growth; plays enzymatic role in tissue respira Water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin C is an absolute requirement when it comes to wound healing and collagen synthesis. greater risk of also having a vitamin B12 deficiency. There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources Vitamins Chemical Name Solubility Deficiency disease Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin A Retinol Fat … Vitamin Deficiency Symptoms. If folate deficiency is suspected in a person aged over 50 years, vitamin B12 status should also be checked. They are needed in very small (micro) but specific amounts, but they are essential for our health and well-being. Vitamins: Their Functions, Sources and deficiency Share Tweet Google+ Pinterest LinkedIn Tumblr Email + Vitamins are organic (carbon-containing) substances required in small amounts to regulate various processes within living cells. Vitamin deficiency may cause some diseases and overdose also causes diseases. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. %%EOF Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: Primary and Secondary Metabolites In animal tissues, one notices the presence of all categories of compounds shown in Figure 9.1. 1 0 obj Vitamin C and its supplements have marked effect on reducing the risks of cancer, cardiac and respiratory diseases. The foods that are particularly best source of vitamin A are oil fish, milk, egg, tomato,butter, liver, cheese, carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, apricots,spinach cantaloupe, kale, and collard. Appendix C: Nutrient Chart - Function, Deficiency and Toxicity Symptoms, and Major Food Sources . The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. Vitamins are the essential dietary factors that are required for healthy & normal functioning of the body. Vitamin Deficiency Symptoms. %PDF-1.5 The body needs water-soluble vitamins in … Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: Folate deficiency is often accompanied by vitamin B12 deficiency. These are available in various food that are consumed daily. )� �a���Wiq�9� �y��]pG%RfI$�Xpe�(N�A��S� ���fH� �a`t����Xd"�6?#�����������&�x*Lf���-���U�^F�J�>���H�f���2�0 ��) Vitamins and minerals have specific functions and are derived from a variety of food sources 1. Each of the vitamins listed below has an important job in the body. Vitamins: their functions and good food sources READING Vitamins and minerals in foods are necessary for the body to grow, develop and function properly. 0 Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) A natural antioxidant, vitamin Cplays a key role in scavenging free radicals from the body and thereby takes part in reducing damage from inflammation and oxidation and hence is a key component for fighting a multitude of pathological conditions and infections. The major vitamin C benefits are enhanced immunity and antioxidant activity. Water-soluble vitamins Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The thirteen different kinds of vitamins required for effective functioning of the human body may be classified into two categories namely water and fat-soluble vitamins. May 16, 2020 - vitamins and their functions sources and deficiency chart in hindi pdf, Vitamins Function, deficiency symptoms, diseases chart, list of vitamins & minerals These are called primary metabolites. Vitamins are necessary in limited amounts for general well-being. 64 0 obj <>stream x��=]o�8�� ���^t4"�E� ���ݾ���4ff����Xh���r�f����)����t�"��d}W)�����������6���cD���on��&����H��$"I���C����_߾�>��1���|����7?|��q^D_߾!Q��#QZDUA�$���޾I`�$���7�/���E_���O�Yx^=Q��4��K8x �e�cY�X�ؔf�c�[8�*��f) [���3�9g��O琑��)�.Z�j�_�|���?}������˛b��2]D��O��? The charts below list the important vitamins and minerals required for your overall well-being and describe their functions, their sources, what can happen when you don’t get enough The Vitamin Chart Fat Soluble Vitamins (A, D, E, K) can be stored in the body and need not be consumed daily. The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg 2 0 obj vi FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements Chapter 5 Vitamin B12 65 Role of vitamin B12 in human metabolic processes 65 Dietary sources and availability 65 Absorption 65 Populations at risk for and consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency 66 Vitamin B12 interaction with folate or folic acid 67 Assessment of vitamin B12 status 68 Vitamins are of two types: Fat-soluble – which are dissolved in fat; Water-soluble – which are dissolved in water; Here is a table that illustrates the type of vitamins, sources, and diseases due to vitamin deficiency. 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Water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin K deficiency is generally identified in people with improper digestive health. WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS These include the B-vitamins and vitaminC They are soluble in water and can therefore be excreted in the urine They share few common properties besides their solubility characteristics Most of these vitamins act as coenzymes Examples include thiamine (Vit B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin, Pantothenic acid (Vit B5), Vitamin B6 Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. Given below is the list of vitamins and their deficiency diseases: Vitamin A – Hardening of the cornea in eye, night blindness. Important for growth and development of body tissues. �3�G\�X�P?ғ�p��z+}������p#�\7u����U�.��ò��!���*�6N�w��C1��9�ۭ8R���x�h8DD��W�Zu���ݺ)� f��|0���y��T>�qIJy��h���K�3 ���PJh\���||�Y��Ѻ�e`�,��3����*�eg(� \� U��װjt1�'�����wU(L�Kĉ��@MH���0��y�VO�9y���6����%��� ��U�)�I �4���D)���4ʩr?�*�xb�����j��l���*�����q`,�i�;D. Water-soluble vitamins and their functions ... Leafy green vegetables, soybeans, dairy products, meats, legumes and vegetables are some of the sources of Vitamin K. Vitamin K deficiency. 7.2.3 Miscellaneous functions 131 7.3 Consequences of vitamin C deficiency 131 7.4 Populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency 132 7.5 Dietary sources of vitamin C and limitations to vitamin C supply 134 7.6 Evidence used to derive recommended intakes of vitamin C 135 7.6.1 Adults 135 7.6.2 Pregnant and lactating women 137 7.6.3 Children 137 These are available in various food that are consumed daily. Water-soluble vitamins -- B-complex and C -- dissolve in water. Vitamins are the essential dietary factors that are required for healthy & normal functioning of the body. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. h��W�n�8�>&Xdy'%��K�h�l�m����r"ԖI-���3���isq����)r.����g���I13���)���LK�3R3��q�Yü���LJ1�z0y&��B�v�C�ӆ9RQ'���3���$�5�|�^�a��`��?7�/Ax]N�YQ���b8V��T��������9�+A��S6�̔�����&IOO>�Y��p!���'l�-�������^f>�1����k����|�cm�5瓳���2�Ww����޾��Y��i�U'wz�����ԋ����?���f�y=�k��h��Z-�%�LtF5S����A�z�7�-s��a�QN��|��nfB���{r"cHHEeH< �Q�,wG�:+�,������b��U��c(9r4�D8x�-s����]��?6b�� I�I[���v�4:��,5B�q�-�i��Y��6_~`�u#V�I]�ڪ��4���#������Z��"���8��ތ�gيo�͇���)��D&_?�dD���S�F��D'����T­�^��t=�s%^p�9�t�%U6,Z�t�]b�� P3g. Vitamin C rich foods also play a key role i… B vitamins are a group of eight related nutrients. stream h�b```"kV�,``��0pt006�y�����AxʪU �L�)��9N(I Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. �A���ұ}v�j�9qU�,�N�w�#_y;�4��NĘ���?7��Y�w�INbF�Hp:"���(́7ri�,�k�!N�F}��z�°y���' The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. The vitamin deficiency symptoms chart provides a condensed reference guide to the functions of vitamins and minerals, deficiency symptoms, and dietary sources. Source and function. Studies also suggest a link between lack of vitamin D in early life with later onset of type 1 diabetes. Water-soluble vitamins. Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Chart. <>>> Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Chart. measles morbidity) Hypervitaminosis A (birth defects, liver toxicity, angular cheilitis, hair loss, ICH) B: 1: Based on their role in biological processes and their effect different vitamins have different functions, their function can be best understood by knowing about their deficiency diseases. �Uu��h��e��La0��x��`b�R�Ƶr9��mq�R������1�_�'�N�ݒ�z����QD�����K9o��ަ�B��R�]vi�(�Hd�b��ݲ��$�$�XWR�VgK�V������U����=�3Ij��gڝ�M!�S��J�F 1|d��hu[��s'��Ё/�� ��|�ٰ��s�k�J���GOu����y����H-� �W�u��,�M��4N��b8�n3�|�(�?�uֆ,Ю� ��_ އ�"�A��k�S~Pä�P�3#Ϲ��V�M��|� 2�aqH�쀎xg • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg This article takes a close look at all of the B vitamins, including their functions, sources, and deficiency symptoms. Primary and Secondary Metabolites, Vitamins, Deficiency Diseases, Micronutrients – Vitamins and Minerals, Food Sources of Vitamins and Minerals. What is it? endobj Class 12: Chemistry: Biomolecules: Vitamins their Sources and Deficiency Diseases VITAL VITAMIN CHART Nutrient Food Sources Functions Deficiency Signs Signs of Excess Notes Vitamin A (Retinol) RDA: M: 900 μg F: 700 μg Cod liver oil and other fish liver oils, liver, egg yolk, full cream dairy, yellow and dark green vegetables. $�A� �kI "D��D�m�H07���@�e�Ub� �H �1H���> ���L�+�,Fj�/| 0 ��? Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. It is important that adults do not exceed the recommended upper level of intake of 1000 mcg/day of folic acid because if there is a concurrent untreated vitamin B12 deficiency, irreparable damage to the nervous system can occur.2, 3 If folate deficiency is suspected in a person aged over The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. o��;p�I������rV˹of�i�Z`���%'! 4 0 obj Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. 46 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B88523E5E9B744F8368597A67788B7D><3E5629E64C3E2344A39CF6400896480A>]/Index[25 40]/Info 24 0 R/Length 98/Prev 87875/Root 26 0 R/Size 65/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. 7.2.3 Miscellaneous functions 131 7.3 Consequences of vitamin C deficiency 131 7.4 Populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency 132 7.5 Dietary sources of vitamin C and limitations to vitamin C supply 134 7.6 Evidence used to derive recommended intakes of vitamin C 135 7.6.1 Adults 135 7.6.2 Pregnant and lactating women 137 7.6.3 Children 137 endstream endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 28 0 obj <>stream %���� – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute amounts – Cause a specific deficiency syndrome when absent or underutilized – Is NOT synthesized by the host in amounts adequate to meet normal physiological needs: human can make vitamins D 3 and B 3 • Vitamers are different forms of a particular vitamin, e.g. h�bbd``b`z However, when one analyses plant, fungal and microbial cells, one would see thousands of compounds other than these called primary metabolites, e.g. beta carotene) Night-blindness, poor immunity (e.g. Oranges and lemons are some fruits rich in vitamin C. Learn more about the food sources, functions, deficiencies and toxicity associated with this water-soluble vitamin. Types of Vitamins. Humans cannot live without vitamins and the human body cannot produce it on its own (except vitamin D and Vitamin B3). ?��hyS->�F����y��3�(�i�}H�VL�c�����C�o��u�/^��%I�� �lI��~�����M�h�$Y�+����/I�G��h��ٯ����� ��ayC��9W��_��8}����m+l^����3�� ��?��^ÿ�{�� �lqz�+opi�|]o�-̧ k�U)ƞjXa�_ .��9���/�-ȯa6���!��}�����ϩ�[�}x�]~{��ϒ���$��� �?���|��ODIR�Uz���LX�|���!��� Essential nutrient for eye health. A. Retinol, retinal, and 4 carotenoids (e.g. A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. <> Vitamins : Classification, Functions and Deficiency Symptoms The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk i n 1912. Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Studies also suggest a link between lack of vitamin D in early life with later onset of type 1 diabetes. Vitamins and their functions Pdf Vitamin A. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) So it should be taken in required quantities through other sources such as the food we take, vitamin capsules etc. Unless specified, values represent those for adults ages 19 and older. Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. <> A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 1008] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Compiled from NCERT Science Textbooks Class 6-12. This article discusses vitamin A, including its benefits, food sources, as well as effects of deficiency and toxicity. Vitamin A deficiency is a major problem when diets consist of starchy staples, which are not good sources of retinol or β-carotene, and when the consumption of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. Vitamins can be found in major foods like meat, leafy vegetables, fruits etc. 3 0 obj Functions of Vitamins. endstream endobj startxref Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Vitamins: Chemical name of vitamins, their sources, approximate year of discovery and Deficiency disease Vitamin Deficiency & Overdose Chart: Vitamin Chemical Names Deficiency disease Overdose disease . Vegetarians can meet their vitamin A requirements with sufficient intakes of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, with fortified foods, or both. %PDF-1.6 %���� Fat-soluble vitamins -- A, D, E and K -- dissolve in fat and can be stored in the body. Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams (mg), micrograms (mcg), or international units (IU), depending on the nutrient. Vitamins are listed first in alphabetical order, and then minerals. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble nutrient that plays a vital role in your body. Folate is a term which includes naturally occurring food folate and synthetic folic acid, which is used in … There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . ... Major Food Sources Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Essential for growth; plays enzymatic role in tissue respira Water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin C is an absolute requirement when it comes to wound healing and collagen synthesis. greater risk of also having a vitamin B12 deficiency. There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources Vitamins Chemical Name Solubility Deficiency disease Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin A Retinol Fat … Vitamin Deficiency Symptoms. If folate deficiency is suspected in a person aged over 50 years, vitamin B12 status should also be checked. They are needed in very small (micro) but specific amounts, but they are essential for our health and well-being. Vitamins: Their Functions, Sources and deficiency Share Tweet Google+ Pinterest LinkedIn Tumblr Email + Vitamins are organic (carbon-containing) substances required in small amounts to regulate various processes within living cells. Vitamin deficiency may cause some diseases and overdose also causes diseases. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. %%EOF Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: Primary and Secondary Metabolites In animal tissues, one notices the presence of all categories of compounds shown in Figure 9.1. 1 0 obj Vitamin C and its supplements have marked effect on reducing the risks of cancer, cardiac and respiratory diseases. The foods that are particularly best source of vitamin A are oil fish, milk, egg, tomato,butter, liver, cheese, carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, apricots,spinach cantaloupe, kale, and collard. Appendix C: Nutrient Chart - Function, Deficiency and Toxicity Symptoms, and Major Food Sources . The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. Vitamins are the essential dietary factors that are required for healthy & normal functioning of the body. Vitamin Deficiency Symptoms. %PDF-1.5 The body needs water-soluble vitamins in … Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: Folate deficiency is often accompanied by vitamin B12 deficiency. These are available in various food that are consumed daily. )� �a���Wiq�9� �y��]pG%RfI$�Xpe�(N�A��S� ���fH� �a`t����Xd"�6?#�����������&�x*Lf���-���U�^F�J�>���H�f���2�0 ��) Vitamins and minerals have specific functions and are derived from a variety of food sources 1. Each of the vitamins listed below has an important job in the body. Vitamins: their functions and good food sources READING Vitamins and minerals in foods are necessary for the body to grow, develop and function properly. 0 Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) A natural antioxidant, vitamin Cplays a key role in scavenging free radicals from the body and thereby takes part in reducing damage from inflammation and oxidation and hence is a key component for fighting a multitude of pathological conditions and infections. The major vitamin C benefits are enhanced immunity and antioxidant activity. Water-soluble vitamins Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The thirteen different kinds of vitamins required for effective functioning of the human body may be classified into two categories namely water and fat-soluble vitamins. May 16, 2020 - vitamins and their functions sources and deficiency chart in hindi pdf, Vitamins Function, deficiency symptoms, diseases chart, list of vitamins & minerals These are called primary metabolites. Vitamins are necessary in limited amounts for general well-being. 64 0 obj <>stream x��=]o�8�� ���^t4"�E� ���ݾ���4ff����Xh���r�f����)����t�"��d}W)�����������6���cD���on��&����H��$"I���C����_߾�>��1���|����7?|��q^D_߾!Q��#QZDUA�$���޾I`�$���7�/���E_���O�Yx^=Q��4��K8x �e�cY�X�ؔf�c�[8�*��f) [���3�9g��O琑��)�.Z�j�_�|���?}������˛b��2]D��O��? The charts below list the important vitamins and minerals required for your overall well-being and describe their functions, their sources, what can happen when you don’t get enough The Vitamin Chart Fat Soluble Vitamins (A, D, E, K) can be stored in the body and need not be consumed daily. The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg 2 0 obj vi FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements Chapter 5 Vitamin B12 65 Role of vitamin B12 in human metabolic processes 65 Dietary sources and availability 65 Absorption 65 Populations at risk for and consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency 66 Vitamin B12 interaction with folate or folic acid 67 Assessment of vitamin B12 status 68 Vitamins are of two types: Fat-soluble – which are dissolved in fat; Water-soluble – which are dissolved in water; Here is a table that illustrates the type of vitamins, sources, and diseases due to vitamin deficiency. 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